Cannabis Glossary: Appetite Suppressant
Heard about THCV? Want to know what all the fuzz is about? In this post we’ll show you exactly how marijuana can work as a appetite suppressant.
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What is an appetite suppressant?
The term appetite suppressant (also known as anorectic, anorexigenic, anorexiant) refers to any drug or supplement designed to reduce appetite. Appetite suppressants are commonly prescribed to people who want to lower their food intake and lose weight.
Many appetite suppressants are made from a mix of natural ingredients. They usually consist of a green tea base combining various other plant extracts, such as fucoxanthin, found in seaweed.
What kind of appetite suppressants are there?
There are a variety of appetite suppressants currently available to patients looking to lose weight or decrease their food intake. Some natural appetite suppressants include:
- Catechin: Found in a variety of foods, including peaches, cocao, and green tea, cachetins are believed to stabilize blood sugar and help suppress hunger.
- Caffeine: The secret ingredient in coffee that makes us all a bit more bearable in the morning also works to reduce appetite. Two birds, one stone, right?
- Water: Drinking water before meals has been shown to reduce appetite.
There are also various medications available to help patients suppress hunger. Some of these include diethylpropion and phentermine.
Various drugs aimed at reducing appetite have been removed from the market due to health concerns. Both aminorex and fenfluramine were withdrawn in the 1960s and 90s (respectively) after users fell victim to pulmonary hypertension and heart valve damage. Ephedrine was also banned in the US in 2000, but that decisions was later overturned in 2005.
How do THCV and cannabis work to reduce appetite?
Recent research has created hype around THCV, or tetrahydrocannabivarin. This compound, while very similar in molecular structure to THC, has very unique effects on users and the CB1 receptors in our brains.
In an interview for Weedmaps.TV, Bonnie Goldstein, medical director at CannaCenters, explained that THCV blocks CB1 receptors in our brains in small doses. In turn, THCV has been shown to promote weight loss, lower body fat levels, and increase energy expenditure.
GW Pharmaceuticals, a British cannabis-focused biopharmaceutical company, studied THCV in 2007. In a press release, the company stated:
“THCV has shown effects on body weight, body fat content, energy expenditure, food intake, and other obesity-related parameters. The human endocannabinoid system is known to play an important role in the regulation of body weight and metabolic homeostasis.”
A 2013 study published in the medical journal Nutrition and Diabetes also found that THCV may be a new potential treatment against obesity-associated glucose intolerance.
What cannabis strains contain THCV?
THCV is found in higher percentages in sativa and landrace strains from Africa. However,there is still plenty to find out about this cannabinoid.
Hence, it can be hard to find strains that contain more than just trace amounts of THCV, and we always recommend you speak with you budtender to find out more about the chemical build of individual strains.
According to High Times magazine, the following strains contain large amounts of THCV:
- Durban Poison
- Jack The Ripper
- Dutch Treat
- Skunk #1
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